Exam Primer

1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 1.8 Interference


    What is a transmission called that disturbs other communications?
    Harmful interference
    Interrupted CW
    Transponder signals
    Unidentified transmissions

    When may you deliberately interfere with another station's communications?
    Only if the station is operating illegally
    Only if the station begins transmitting on a frequency you are using
    You may expect, and cause, deliberate interference because it can't be helped during crowded band conditions

    If the regulations say that the amateur service is a secondary user of a frequency band, and another service is a primary user, what does this mean?
    Amateurs are allowed to use the frequency band only if they do not cause interference to primary users
    Nothing special: all users of a frequency band have equal rights to operate
    Amateurs are only allowed to use the frequency band during emergencies
    Amateurs must increase transmitter power to overcome any interference caused by primary users

    What rule applies if two amateur stations want to use the same frequency?
    Both station operators have an equal right to operate on the frequency
    The station operator with a lesser class of licence must yield the frequency to a higher-class licensee
    The station operator with a lower power output must yield the frequency to the station with a higher power output
    Station operators in ITU Regions 1 and 3 must yield the frequency to stations in ITU Region 2

    What name is given to a form of interference that seriously degrades, obstructs or repeatedly interrupts a radiocommunication service?
    Intentional interference
    Adjacent interference
    Disruptive interference
    Harmful interference

    Where interference to the reception of radiocommunications is caused by the operation of an amateur station:
    the amateur station operator is not obligated to take any action
    the amateur station operator may continue to operate without restrictions
    the Minister may require that the necessary steps for the prevention of the interference be taken by the radio amateur
    the amateur station operator may continue to operate and the necessary steps can be taken when the amateur operator can afford it

    Radio amateur operation must not cause interference to other radio services operating in which of the following bands?
    7.0 to 7.1 MHz
    144.0 to 148.0 MHz
    430.0 to 450.0 MHz
    14.0 to 14.2 MHz

    Radio amateur operations are not protected from interference caused by another service operating in which of the following frequency bands?
    144 to 148 MHz
    220 to 225 MHz
    50 to 54 MHz
    902 to 928 MHz

    Which of the following is not correct? The operator of an amateur station:
    shall not cause harmful interference to a station in another service which has primary use of that band
    may conduct technical experiments using the station apparatus
    may make trials or tests, even though there is a possibility of interfering with other stations
    may make trials or tests, except under circumstances that preclude the possibility of interference with other stations