Exam Primer

1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 1.9 Emergencies


    Amateur radio stations may communicate:
    with anyone who uses international Morse code
    with non amateur stations
    with any station involved in a real or simulated emergency
    only with other amateur stations

    In the amateur radio service, business communications:
    Are permitted on some bands
    are not permitted under any circumstance
    are only permitted if they are for the safety of life or immediate protection of property
    are not prohibited by regulation

    If you hear an unanswered distress signal on a amateur band where you do not have privileges to communicate:
    you may offer assistance using international Morse code only
    you may offer assistance after contacting Industry Canada for permission to do so
    you should offer assistance
    you may not offer assistance

    In the amateur radio service, it is permissible to broadcast:
    commercially recorded material
    programming that originates from a broadcast undertaking
    radio communications required for the immediate safety of life of individuals or the immediate protection of property

    An amateur radio station in distress may:
    only use radiocommunication bands for which the operator is qualified to use
    use any means of radiocommunication, but only on internationally recognized emergency channels
    any means of radiocommunication
    only Morse code communications on internationally recognized emergency channels

    During a disaster, when may an amateur station make transmissions necessary to meet essential communication needs and assist relief operations?
    Never: only official emergency stations may transmit in a disaster
    When normal communication systems are overloaded, damaged or disrupted
    When normal communication systems are working but are not convenient
    Only when the local emergency net is activated

    During an emergency, what power output limitations must be observed by a station in distress?
    1000 watts PEP during daylight hours, reduced to 200 watts PEP during the night
    1500 watts PEP
    There are no limitations during an emergency
    200 watts PEP

    During a disaster:
    use only frequencies in the 80 metre band
    use only frequencies in the 40 metre band
    use any United Nations approved frequency
    most communications are handled by nets using predetermined frequencies in amateur bands. Operators not directly involved with disaster communications are requested to avoid making unnecessary transmissions on or near frequencies being used for disaster communications

    Messages from recognized public service agencies may be handled by amateur radio stations:
    using Morse code only
    when Industry Canada has issued a special authorization
    only on the 7 and 14 MHz band
    during peace time and civil emergencies and exercises

    It is permissible to interfere with the working of another station if:
    the other station is not operating according to the Radiocommunication Regulations
    you both wish to contact the same station
    the other station is interfering with your transmission
    your station is directly involved with a distress situation