Exam Primer

1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 2.1 VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice


    What is a good way to make contact on a repeater?
    Say the other operator's name, then your call sign three times
    Say the call sign of the station you want to contact, then your call sign
    Say, "Breaker, breaker,"
    Say the call sign of the station you want to contact three times

    What is the main purpose of a repeater?
    To link amateur stations with the telephone system
    To increase the range of portable and mobile stations
    To retransmit weather information during severe storm warnings
    To make local information available 24 hours a day

    What is an autopatch?
    A device which connects a mobile station to the next repeater if it moves out of range of the first
    A device that allows repeater users to make telephone calls from their stations
    A device which locks other stations out of a repeater when there is an important conversation in progress
    Something that automatically selects the strongest signal to be repeated

    What is the purpose of a repeater time-out timer?
    It lets a repeater have a rest period after heavy use
    It logs repeater transmit time to predict when a repeater will fail
    It tells how long someone has been using a repeater
    It limits the amount of time someone can transmit on a repeater

    What is a CTCSS (or PL) tone?
    A tone used by repeaters to mark the end of a transmission
    A sub-audible tone added to a carrier which may cause a receiver to accept a signal
    A special signal used for telemetry between amateur space stations and Earth stations
    A special signal used for telecommand control of model craft

    How do you call another station on a repeater if you know the station's call sign?
    Say the station's call sign, then identify your own station
    Say "break, break 79," then say the station's call sign
    Say "CQ" three times, then say the station's call sign
    Wait for the station to call "CQ", then answer it

    Why should you pause briefly between transmissions when using a repeater?
    To check the SWR of the repeater
    To reach for pencil and paper for third-party communications
    To dial up the repeater's autopatch
    To listen for anyone else wanting to use the repeater

    Why should you keep transmissions short when using a repeater?
    To keep long-distance charges down
    To give any listening non-hams a chance to respond
    A long transmission may prevent someone with an emergency from using the repeater
    To see if the receiving station operator is still awake

    What is the proper way to break into a conversation on a repeater?
    Wait for the end of a transmission and start calling the desired party
    Shout, "break, break!" to show that you're eager to join the conversation
    Turn on an amplifier and override whoever is talking
    Say your call sign during a break between transmissions

    What is the proper way to ask someone their location when using a repeater?
    What is your 20?
    Where are you?
    Locations are not normally told by radio
    What is your 12?

    FM repeater operation on the 2 metre band uses one frequency for transmission and one for reception. The difference in frequency between the transmit and receive frequency is normally:
    800 kHz
    600 kHz
    1 000 kHz
    400 kHz