Exam Primer

1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 2.3 Voice Operating Procedures


    What is the correct way to call "CQ" when using voice?
    Say "CQ" three times, followed by "this is," followed by your call sign spoken three times
    Say "CQ" once, followed by "this is," followed by your call sign spoken three times
    Say "CQ" at least five times, followed by "this is," followed by your call sign spoken once
    Say "CQ" at least ten times, followed by "this is," followed by your call sign spoken once

    How should you answer a voice CQ call?
    Say the other station's call sign at least five times phonetically, followed by "this is," then your call sign twice
    Say the other station's call sign once, followed by "this is," then your call sign given phonetically
    Say the other station's call sign at least three times, followed by "this is," and your call sign at least five times phonetically
    Say the other station's call sign at least ten times, followed by "this is," then your call sign at least twice

    What is simplex operation?
    Transmitting and receiving over a wide area
    Transmitting on one frequency and receiving on another
    Transmitting one-way communications
    Transmitting and receiving on the same frequency

    When should you use simplex operation instead of a repeater?
    When a contact is possible without using a repeater
    When the most reliable communications are needed
    When an emergency telephone call is needed
    When you are traveling and need some local information

    Why should local amateur communications use VHF and UHF frequencies instead of HF frequencies?
    To minimize interference on HF bands capable of long-distance communication
    Because greater output power is permitted on VHF and UHF
    Because HF transmissions are not propagated locally
    Because signals are louder on VHF and UHF frequencies

    Why should simplex be used where possible, instead of using a repeater?
    Your antenna's effectiveness will be better tested
    Long distance toll charges will be avoided
    The repeater will not be tied up unnecessarily
    Signal range will be increased

    If you are talking to a station using a repeater, how would you find out if you could communicate using simplex instead?
    See if a third station can clearly receive both of you
    See if you can clearly receive a more distant repeater
    See if you can clearly receive the station on the repeater's input frequency
    See if you can clearly receive the station on a lower frequency band

    If you are operating simplex on a repeater frequency, why would it be good amateur practice to change to another frequency?
    Changing the repeater's frequency is not practical
    The repeater's output power may ruin your station's receiver
    There are more repeater operators than simplex operators
    Changing the repeater's frequency requires the authorization of Industry Canada

    Which sideband is commonly used for 20-metre phone operation?

    Which sideband is commonly used on 3755 kHz for phone operation?

    What is the best method to tell if a band is "open" for communication with a particular distant location?
    Ask others on your local 2 metre FM repeater
    Telephone an experienced local amateur
    Look at the propagation forecasts in an amateur radio magazine
    Listen for signals from that area from an amateur beacon station or a foreign broadcast or television station on a nearby frequency