Exam Primer

1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 2.4 tuning, testing and dummy loads


    What should you do before you transmit on any frequency?
    Check your antenna for resonance at the selected frequency
    Listen to make sure others are not using the frequency
    Make sure the SWR on your antenna feed line is high enough
    Listen to make sure that someone will be able to hear you

    If you contact another station and your signal is extremely strong and perfectly readable, what adjustment might you make to your transmitter?
    Turn on your speech processor
    Reduce your SWR
    Continue with your contact, making no changes
    Turn down your power output to the minimum necessary

    What is one way to shorten transmitter tune-up time on the air to cut down on interference?
    Use a random wire antenna
    Tune up on 40 metres first, then switch to the desired band
    Use twin lead instead of coaxial cable feed lines
    Tune the transmitter into a dummy load

    How can on-the-air interference be minimized during a lengthy transmitter testing or loading-up procedure?
    Choose an unoccupied frequency
    Use a non-resonant antenna
    Use a resonant antenna that requires no loading-up procedure
    Use a dummy load

    Why would you use a dummy antenna?
    To give comparative signal reports
    To allow antenna tuning without causing interference
    It is faster to tune
    To reduce output power

    If you are the net control station of a daily HF net, what should you do if the frequency on which you normally meet is in use just before the net begins?
    Conduct the net on a frequency 3 to 5 kHz away from the regular net frequency
    Reduce your output power and start the net as usual
    Increase your power output so that net participants will be able to hear you over the existing activity
    Cancel the net for that day

    If a net is about to begin on a frequency which you and another station are using, what should you do?
    As a courtesy to the net, move to a different frequency
    Increase your power output to ensure that all net participants can hear you
    Transmit as long as possible on the frequency so that no other stations may use it
    Turn off your radio

    If propagation changes during your contact and you notice other activity on the same increasing interference from frequency, what should you do?
    Tell the interfering stations to change frequency, since you were there first
    Report the interference to your local Amateur Auxiliary Coordinator
    Increase the output power of your transmitter to overcome the interference
    Move your contact to another frequency

    When selecting a single- sideband phone transmitting frequency, what minimum frequency separation from a contact in progress should you allow (between suppressed carriers) to minimize interference?
    Approximately 3 kHz
    150 to 500 Hz
    Approximately 6 kHz
    Approximately 10 kHz

    What is a band plan?
    A plan of operating schedules within an amateur band published by Industry Canada
    A guideline for using different operating modes within an amateur band
    A plan devised by a club to best use a frequency band during a contest
    A guideline for deviating from amateur frequency band allocations

    Before transmitting, the first thing you should do is:
    ask if the frequency is occupied
    make an announcement on the frequency indicating that you intend to make a call
    decrease your receiver's volume
    listen carefully so as not to interrupt communications already in progress