Exam Primer

1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 2.5 Morse Code (CW) procedures


    What is the correct way to call "CQ" when using Morse code?
    Send the letters "CQ" three times, followed by "DE", followed by your call sign sent once
    Send the letters "CQ" ten times, followed by "DE", followed by your call sign sent once
    Send the letters "CQ" over and over
    Send the letters "CQ" three times, followed by "DE", followed by your call sign sent three times

    How should you answer a Morse code"CQ" call?
    Send your call sign four times
    Send the other station's call sign once, followed by "DE", followed by your call sign four times
    Send your call sign followed by your name, station location and a signal report
    Send the other station's call sign twice, followed by "DE", followed by your call sign twice

    At what speed should a Morse code CQ call be transmitted?
    At any speed which you can reliably receive
    At any speed below 5 WPM
    At the highest speed your keyer will operate
    At the highest speed at which you can control the keyer

    What is the meaning of the procedural signal "CQ"?
    Calling any station
    Call on the quarter hour
    An antenna is being tested
    Only the station "CQ" should answer

    What is the meaning of the procedural signal "DE"?
    Received all correctly
    Calling any station
    Directional Emissions

    What is the meaning of the procedural signal "K"?
    End of message
    Any station transmit
    Called station only transmit
    All received correctly

    What is meant by the term "DX"?
    Calling any station
    Distant station
    Go ahead
    Best regards

    What is the meaning of the term "73"?
    Long distance
    Love and kisses
    Go ahead
    Best regards

    Which of the following describes full break-in telegraphy ?
    Automatic keyers are used to send Morse code instead of hand keys
    Incoming signals are received between transmitted Morse dots
    An operator must activate a manual send/receive switch before and after every transmission
    Breaking stations send the Morse code prosign "BK"

    When selecting a CW transmitting frequency, what minimum frequency separation from a contact in progress should you allow to minimize interference?
    150 to 500 Hz
    5 to 50 Hz
    1 to 3 kHz
    3 to 6 kHz

    Good Morse telegraphy operators:
    always give stations a good readability report
    listen to the frequency to make sure that it is not in use before transmitting
    save time by leaving out spaces between words
    tune the transmitter using the operating antenna