Exam Primer

Overview
1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 2.6 RST signal reporting, S meter

  • Readability 1-5
  • Signal Strength 1-9
  • Tone 1-9 (used in CW only)
  • One S-Metre unit means 4 times the strength of the previous S-Metre level
  • Practice


    B-002-06-01
    What are "RST" signal reports?
    A short way to describe transmitter power
    A short way to describe signal reception
    A short way to describe sunspot activity
    A short way to describe ionospheric conditions

    B-002-06-02
    What does "RST" mean in a signal report?
    Recovery, signal strength, tempo
    Recovery, signal speed, tone
    Readability, signal speed, tempo
    Readability, signal strength, tone

    B-002-06-03
    What is the meaning of: "Your signal report is 5 7"?
    Your signal is readable with considerable difficulty
    Your signal is perfectly readable and moderately strong
    Your signal is perfectly readable with near pure tone
    Your signal is perfectly readable, but weak

    B-002-06-04
    What is the meaning of: "Your signal report is 3 3"?
    Your signal is unreadable, very weak in strength
    The station is located at latitude 33 degrees
    Your signal is readable with considerable difficulty and weak in strength
    The contact is serial number 33

    B-002-06-05
    What is the meaning of: "Your signal report is 5 9 plus 20 dB"?
    The bandwidth of your signal is 20 decibels above linearity
    Repeat your transmission on a frequency 20 kHz higher
    A relative signal-strength meter reading is 20 decibels greater than strength 9
    Your signal strength has increased by a factor of 100

    B-002-06-06
    What is used to measure relative signal strength in a receiver?
    An SSB meter
    A signal deviation meter
    An S meter
    An RST meter

    B-002-06-07
    If the power output of a transmitter is increased by four times, how might a nearby receiver's S-meter reading change?
    Increase by approximately four S units
    Increase by approximately one S unit
    Decrease by approximately four S units
    Decrease by approximately one S unit

    B-002-06-08
    By how many times must the power output of a transmitter be increased to raise the S-meter reading on a nearby receiver from S8 to S9?
    Approximately 5 times
    Approximately 3 times
    Approximately 4 times
    Approximately 2 times

    B-002-06-09
    What does "RST 579" mean in a Morse code contact?
    Your signal is perfectly readable, moderately strong, and with perfect tone
    Your signal is perfectly readable, weak strength, and with perfect tone
    Your signal is fairly readable, fair strength, and with perfect tone
    Your signal is barely readable, moderately strong, and with faint ripple

    B-002-06-10
    What does "RST 459" mean in a Morse code contact?
    Your signal is very readable, very strong, and with perfect tone
    Your signal is barely readable, very weak, and with perfect tone
    Your signal is moderately readable, very weak, and with hum on the tone
    Your signal is quite readable, fair strength, and with perfect tone

    B-002-06-11
    What is the meaning of "Your signal report is 1 1"?
    Your signal is unreadable, and barely perceptible
    Your signal is 11 dB over S9
    Your signal is first class in readability and first class in strength
    Your signal is very readable and very strong