Exam Primer

Overview
1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 2.7 Q Signals

    A full list of Q codes can be found here: Q Codes
  • QRS - Send more Slowly
  • QTH - Location (What is your position?)
  • QRL - Busy?
  • QSY - Change to another Frequency
  • QSO - Communication in progress
  • QRZ - Who is calling
  • QRM - Interference
  • QRN - Static
  • QRX - When is next call?
  • Practice


    B-002-07-01
    What is the meaning of the Q signal"QRS"?
    Interference from static
    Send "RST" report
    Radio station location is:
    Send more slowly

    B-002-07-02
    What is one meaning of the Q signal"QTH"?
    Stop sending
    My name is
    My location is
    Time here is

    B-002-07-03
    What is the proper Q signal to use to see if a frequency is in use before transmitting on CW?
    QRL?
    QRV?
    QRU?
    QRZ?

    B-002-07-04
    What is one meaning of the Q signal "QSY"?
    Use more power
    Send faster
    Change frequency
    Send more slowly

    B-002-07-05
    What is the meaning of the Q signal"QSO"?
    A contact is ending
    A contact is in progress
    A conversation is desired
    A contact is confirmed

    B-002-07-06
    What is the proper Q signal to use to ask if someone is calling you on CW?
    QRZ?
    QSL?
    QRL?
    QRT?

    B-002-07-07
    The signal "QRM" signifies:
    I am troubled by static
    your signals are fading
    is my transmission being interfered with
    I am being interfered with

    B-002-07-08
    The signal "QRN" means:
    I am busy
    are you troubled by static
    I am being interfered with
    I am troubled by static

    B-002-07-09
    The "Q signal" indicating that you want the other station to send slower is:
    QRM
    QRS
    QRL
    QRN

    B-002-07-10
    "Who is calling me" is denoted by the "Q signal":
    QRK?
    QRP?
    QRZ?
    QRM?

    B-002-07-11
    The "Q signal" which signifies "I will call you again" is:
    QRX
    QRZ
    QRS
    QRT