Exam Primer

1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 2.8 Emergency Operating Procedures

  • Emergencies are for life-threatening distress situations
  • "SOS" is for CW. "Mayday" is for voice
  • On a repeater, say "Break, Break" and then your call sign
  • Practice

    When may you use your amateur station to transmit an "SOS" or "Mayday"?
    Only at specific times (at 15 and 30 minutes after the hour)
    Only in case of a severe weather watch
    In a life-threatening distress situation

    If you are in contact with another station and you hear an emergency call for help on your frequency, what should you do?
    Immediately stop your contact and take the emergency call
    Tell the calling station that the frequency is in use
    Direct the calling station to the nearest emergency net frequency
    Call your local police station and inform them of the emergency call

    What is the proper distress call to use when operating phone?
    Say "SOS" several times
    Say "Emergency" several times
    Say "Mayday" several times
    Say "Help" several times

    What is the proper distress call to use when operating CW?

    What is the proper way to interrupt a repeater conversation to signal a distress call?
    Say "Emergency" three times
    Say "SOS," then your call sign
    Say "Break" twice, then your call sign
    Say "Help" as many times as it takes toget someone to answer

    Why is it a good idea to have a way to operate your amateur station without using commercial AC power lines?
    So you will comply with rules
    So you may operate in contests where AC power is not allowed
    So you may provide communications in an emergency
    So you may use your station while mobile

    What is the most important accessory to have for a hand- held radio in an emergency?
    Several sets of charged batteries
    An extra antenna
    A portable amplifier
    A microphone headset for hands-free operation

    Which type of antenna would be a good choice as part of a portable HF amateur station that could be set up in case of an emergency?
    A parabolic dish
    A three-element Yagi
    A dipole
    A three-element quad

    If you are communicating with another amateur station and hear a station in distress break in, what should you do?
    Continue your communication because you were on frequency first
    Change to a different frequency so the station in distress may have a clear channel to call for assistance
    Immediately cease all transmissions because stations in distress have emergency rights to the frequency
    Acknowledge the station in distress and determine its location and what assistance may be needed

    In order of priority, a distress message comes before:
    no other messages
    a government priority message
    an urgency message
    a safety message

    If you hear distress traffic and are unable to render assistance you should:
    maintain watch until you are certain that assistance will be forthcoming
    enter the details in the log book and take no further action
    take no action
    tell all other stations to cease transmitting