Exam Primer

1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 2.9 Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps


    What is a "QSL card"?
    A Notice of Violation from Industry Canada
    A written proof of communication between two amateurs
    A postcard reminding you when your station license will expire
    A letter or postcard from an amateur pen pal

    What is an azimuthal map?
    A map projection centered on the North Pole
    A map that shows the angle at which an amateur satellite crosses the equator
    A map that shows the number of degrees longitude that an amateur satellite appears to move westward at the equator
    A map projection centered on a particular location, used to determine the shortest path between points on the earth's surface

    What is the most useful type of map to use when orienting a directional HF antenna toward a distant station?
    Polar projection

    A directional antenna pointed in the long-path direction to another station is generally oriented how many degrees from its short-path heading?
    45 degrees
    90 degrees
    270 degrees
    180 degrees

    What method is used by radio amateurs to provide written proof of communication between two amateur stations?
    A signed post card listing contact date, time, frequency, mode and power, called a "QSL card"
    A two-page letter containing a photograph of the operator
    A radiogram sent over the CW traffic net
    A packet message

    You hear other local stations talking to radio amateurs in New Zealand but you don't hear those stations with your beam aimed on the normal compass bearing to New Zealand. What should you try?
    Point your antenna toward Newington, CT
    Point your antenna to the north
    Point your beam 180 degrees away from that bearing and listen for the stations arriving on the "long-path"
    Point your antenna to the south

    Which statement about recording all contacts and unanswered "CQ calls" in a station logbook or computer log is not correct?
    A log is important for recording contacts for operating awards
    A logbook is required by Industry Canada
    A well-kept log preserves your fondest amateur radio memories for years
    A log is important for handling neighbour interference complaints

    Why would it be useful to have an azimuthal world map centred on the location of your station?
    Because it shows the compass bearing from your station to any place on earth, for antenna planning and pointing
    Because it looks impressive
    Because it shows the angle at which an amateur satellite crosses the equator
    Because it shows the number of degrees longitude that an amateur satellite moves west

    Station logs and confirmation (QSL) cards are always kept in UTC (Universal Time Coordinated). Where is that time based?
    Greenwich, England
    Geneva, Switzerland
    Ottawa, Canada
    Newington, CT

    When referring to contacts in the station log, what do the letters UTC mean?
    Universal Time Coordinated (formerly Greenwich Mean Time - GMT)
    Universal Time Constant
    Unlisted Telephone Call
    Unlimited Time Capsule

    To set your station clock accurately to UTC, you could receive the most accurate time off the air from _______?
    A non-directional beacon station
    Your local television station
    CHU, WWV or WWVH
    Your local radio station