Exam Primer

1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 3.15 Digital Modes


    What does "connected" mean in a packet-radio link?
    A telephone link is working between two stations
    A message has reached an amateur station for local delivery
    A transmitting and receiving station are using a digipeater, so no other contacts can take place until they are finished
    A transmitting station is sending data to only one receiving station; it replies that the data is being received correctly

    What does "monitoring" mean on a packet-radio frequency?
    A member of the Amateur Auxiliary is copying all messages
    A receiving station is displaying messages that may not be sent to it, and is not replying to any message
    A receiving station is displaying all messages sent to it, and replying that the messages are being received correctly
    Industry Canada is monitoring all messages

    What is a digipeater?
    A repeater built using only digital electronics parts
    A repeater that changes audio signals to digital data
    A packet-radio station that retransmits only data that is marked to be retransmitted
    A packet-radio station that retransmits any data that it receives

    What does "network" mean in packet radio?
    A way of connecting packet-radio stations so data can be sent over long distances
    A way of connecting terminal-node controllers by telephone so data can be sent over long distances
    The connections on terminal-node controllers
    The programming in a terminal-node controller that rejects other callers if a station is already connected

    In packet-radio operation, what equipment connects to a terminal-node controller?
    A transceiver and a modem
    A DTMF keypad, a monitor and a transceiver
    A DTMF microphone, a monitor and a transceiver
    A transceiver and a terminal or computer system

    How would you modulate a 2 meter FM transceiver to produce packet-radio emissions?
    Connect a terminal-node controller to the transceiver's microphone input
    Connect a terminal-node controller to interrupt the transceiver's carrier wave
    Connect a keyboard to the transceiver's microphone input
    Connect a DTMF key pad to the transceiver's microphone input

    When selecting a RTTY transmitting frequency, what minimum frequency separation from a contact in progress should you allow (center to center) to minimize interference?
    Approximately 6 kHz
    Approximately 3 kHz
    250 to 500 Hz
    60 Hz

    Digital transmissions use signals called _______ to transmit the states 1 and 0.
    packet and AMTOR
    baudot and ASCII
    mark and space
    dot and dash

    Which of the following terms does not apply to packet?
    Terminal-Node Controller (TNC)

    When using AMTOR transmissions, there are two modes that may be utilized. Mode A uses Automatic Repeat Request (ARQ) protocol and is normally used:
    at all times. Mode B is for test purposes only
    only when communications have been completed
    for communications after contact has been established
    when making a general call

    What is the most common data rate used for VHF packet communications?
    300 baud
    9600 baud
    2400 baud
    1200 baud