Exam Primer

1. Regulations and Policies
  • Authority and Regulations
  • Licence
  • License Penalties
  • Certificate
  • Operation, Repair
  • Content Restrictions
  • Operating Restrictions
  • Interference
  • Emergencies
  • Non-remuneration, Privacy
  • Call Signs
  • Other Countries
  • Frequency Bands
  • Power Allowed
  • unmodulated carriers, retransmission
  • amplitude modulation, frequency stability, me
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Exams
  • Antenna Structures
  • RF Field Strength
  • Resolving Complaints
  • 2. Operating and Procedures
  • VHF/UHF Repeaters - Voice
  • Phonetic Alphabet
  • Voice Operating Procedures
  • tuning, testing and dummy loads
  • Morse Code (CW) procedures
  • RST signal reporting, S meter
  • Q Signals
  • Emergency Operating Procedures
  • Record Keeping, Antenna Orientation and Maps
  • 3. Station Assembly, Practice and Safety
  • Layout of HF Stations
  • Layout of FM Transmitters
  • Layout of FM Receivers
  • Layout of CW Transmitters
  • Layout of SSB/CW receivers
  • Layout of SSB Transmitters
  • Layout of Digital Systems
  • Layout of Regulated Power Supplies
  • Layout of Yagi-Uda Antennas
  • Receiver Fundamentals
  • Transmitter, carrier, keying, AM
  • Carrier Suppression, SSB
  • Frequency and Phase Modulation
  • Station Accessories
  • Digital Modes
  • Batteries
  • Power Supplies
  • Electrical Safety
  • Antenna and Tower Safety
  • RF Exposure Safety
  • 4. Circuit Components
  • Amplifier Fundamentals
  • Diodes
  • Bipolar Transistors
  • Field-effect Transistors
  • Tiode Vacuum Tubes
  • Resister Color Codes
  • 5. Basic Electronics and Theory
  • Metric Prefixes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Circuits
  • Ohm's law
  • Series and Parallel Resistors
  • Power law, Resister Power Disipation
  • AC and frequency
  • Ratios, Logarithms and Decibels
  • Inductance and Capacitance
  • Reactance and Impedance
  • Magnetica and Transformers
  • Resonance and Tuned Circuits
  • Meters and Measurements
  • 6. Feedlines and Antenna Systems
  • Impedance and Feedlines
  • Balanced and Unbalanced feedlines
  • Feedlines and Connectors
  • Line Losses
  • Standing Wave Ratio
  • Impedance Matching
  • Isotropic Sources, Polarization
  • Wavelength vs Physical Length
  • Antenna Radiation Patterns
  • Vertical Antennas
  • Yagi Antennas
  • Wire Antennas
  • Quad/loop Antennas
  • 7. Radio Wave Propagation
  • Propogation Types
  • Ionospheric Regions
  • Hops and Skips
  • Ionosphere Issues
  • Solar Activity
  • MF and HF and Skywaves
  • VHF and UHF, Sporadic-E, Aurira, Ducting
  • Scatter - HF, VHF, UHF
  • 8. Interference and Suppression
  • Front-end overload
  • Audio Rectification, Bypass Capacitors, Ferri
  • Intermodulation, Spurious, Key-clicks
  • Harmonics, Splatter, Transmitter Adjustments
  • Filters
  • 3.20 Antenna and Tower Safety


    Why should you ground all antenna and rotator cables when your amateur station is not in use?
    To lock the antenna system in one position
    To protect the station and building from lightning damage
    To avoid radio frequency interference
    To make sure everything will stay in place

    How can an antenna system be protected from lightning damage?
    Install a balun at the antenna feed point
    Install an RF choke in the antenna feed line
    Install a fuse in the antenna feed line
    Ground all antennas when they are not in use

    How can amateur station equipment best be protected from lightning damage?
    Disconnect all equipment from the power lines and antenna cables
    Use heavy insulation on the wiring
    Never turn off the equipment
    Disconnect the ground system from all radios

    What equipment should be worn for working on an antenna tower?
    A reflective vest of approved color
    Approved equipment in accordance with provincial safety standards concerning climbing
    A flashing red, yellow or white light
    A grounding chain

    Why should you wear a safety belt if you are working on an antenna tower?
    To safely bring any tools you might use up and down the tower
    To keep the tower from becoming unbalanced while you are working
    To prevent you from accidentally falling
    To safely hold your tools so they don't fall and injure someone on the ground

    For safety, how high should you place a horizontal wire antenna?
    Above high-voltage electrical lines
    Just high enough so you can easily reach it for adjustments or repairs
    High enough so that no one can touch any part of it from the ground
    As close to the ground as possible

    Why should you wear a hard hat if you are on the ground helping someone work on an antenna tower?
    So you won't be hurt if the tower should accidentally fall
    To keep RF energy away from your head during antenna testing
    So someone passing by will know that work is being done on the tower and will stay away
    To protect your head from something dropped from the tower

    Why should your outside antennas be high enough so that no one can touch them while you are transmitting?
    Touching the antenna might reflect the signal back to the transmitter and cause damage
    Touching the antenna might radiate harmonics
    Touching the antenna might cause RF burns
    Touching the antenna might cause television interference

    Why should you make sure that no one can touch an open-wire feed line while you are transmitting with it?
    Because contact might break the feed line
    Because high-voltage radio energy might burn the person
    Because contact might cause spurious emissions
    Because contact might cause a short circuit and damage the transmitter

    What safety precautions should you take before beginning repairs on an antenna?
    Be sure to turn off the transmitter and disconnect the feed line
    Be sure you and the antenna structure are grounded
    Inform your neighbors so they are aware of your intentions
    Turn off the main power switch in your house

    What precaution should you take when installing a ground-mounted antenna?
    It should be painted so people or animals do not accidentally run into it
    It should not be installed in a wet area
    It should be installed so no one can come in contact with it
    It should not be installed higher than you can reach